All Treatment Topics

Duodenal Atresia

What is Duodenal Atresia? Duodenal atresia can be defined as a congenital problem, in which a part of the duodenum lumen is absent or completely…

Sigmoid Volvulus

Definition Sigmoid volvulus is a medical condition, in which the sigmoid colon practically twists on the sigmoid mesocolon. These changes frequently lead to the large…

Sialolithiasis

Sialolithiasis is a medical condition, in which calculi or stones form within the salivary glands. The most common appearance is at the level of the…

Cephalohematoma

Definition Cephalhematoma can be defined as a medical condition, in which a hemorrhage occurs in newborn babies. The hemorrhage commonly takes place between the skull…

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central pontine myelinolysis can be defined as a medical condition, in which the myelin sheath of the nerve cells in the brainstem become severely damaged….

Paraproteinemia

Definition Paraproteinemia can be defined as a medical condition, in which excessive quantities of paraprotein are present in the blood. This condition is also known…

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Definition Catatonic schizophrenia is a form of schizophrenia, in which the patient presents abnormal behavior (taken to the extreme). On one hand, the patient can…

Snapping Hip Syndrome

What is Snapping hip syndrome? This medical condition is one in which the person feels a snapping sensation or hear a snapping sound in their…

Walking Corpse Syndrome

What is Walking corpse syndrome? It is a very rare neuropsychiatric disorder that affects a person’s normal thought patterns and causes them to believe that…

Periorbital Ecchymosis

Periorbital ecchymosis can be defined as the condition in which dark circles surround the eyes. As you will have the opportunity to discover below, this…

Kleine-Levin Syndrome

The Kleine-Levin syndrome is a medical condition, in which the patient suffers from episodes of hypersomnia, accompanied by changes in the cognitive function or mood….

Benign Fasciculation Syndrome

The Benign fasciculation syndrome is a medical condition, in which fasciculation or twitching occurs at the level of voluntary muscles, due to a neurological dysfunction….

Sundowning Syndrome

What is Sundowning syndrome? This medical condition is a type of sleep or mood disorder. It is also called sundowners syndrome. It is often associated…

Hepatopulmonary Syndrome

What is Hepatopulmonary syndrome? This is an uncommon medical condition that involves both your lungs and liver. It normally affects the lungs of someone who…

Wellen’s Syndrome

What is Wellen’s syndrome? This is a pattern of electrocardiogram waves (ECG). The electrocardiogram is a medical test that is normally done to examine the…

Mal de Debarquement Syndrome

What is Mal de Debarquement syndrome? This is a syndrome that appears related to motion sickness and is a very rare neurological syndrome. It is…

Mediastinal Lymph Nodes

What are Mediastinal lymph nodes? Lymph nodes, in general, are small bean shaped structures that are a very important part of your lymphatic system. Your…

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

What is an Aneurysmal bone cyst? This is a fibrous blood-filled bone lesion and can potentially destroy bone tissue. It can also grow rapidly and…

Salter-Harris Fracture

What is a Salter-Harris fracture? This is a break nearby or in the bone’s growth plate. The growth plate is also referred to as the…

Torus Fracture

What is a torus fracture? This is a bone deformity that only occurs in children in which a bone buckles and bends but does not…

Deltoid Ligament

What is your deltoid ligament? This triangular shaped band binds your tibia to the inner bony protrusions on the side of your ankle. It helps…

Bankart Lesion

What is a Bankart lesion? This is an injury to your shoulder joint, which leads to having shoulder instability. It is also may be referred…

Femoral Neck Fracture

What is a femoral neck fracture? This is a break that occurs in the femur bone of your leg. The femoral neck fracture occurs just…

Costochondral Separation

What is costochondral separation? The costochondral separation is a medical condition, in which one of the ribs becomes separated from the sternum. This condition usually…

Megaloblastic Anemia

What is Megaloblastic Anemia? Megaloblastic anemia is a medical disorder of the blood, in which the DNA synthesis is inhibited during the red cell production…

Plasma Cell Dyscrasia

Definition Plasma cell dyscrasia is a medical condition, in which the plasma cells are affected. The abnormal proliferation of the plasma cells leads to the…

Extensor Tendonitis

Extensor tendonitis is a medical condition, in which the extensor tendons of the foot become inflamed. The extensor tendons are the ones that cross the…

Kabuki Syndrome

Kabuki syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, which leads to the appearance of numerous anomalies and developmental delays. In the medical field, this condition is…

Hemosiderin

Definition Hemosiderin is an insoluble form of tissue storage iron, being found at the level of different cells (not in the circulating blood). This is…

Chemosis

Definition Chemosis of the eye is a medical condition, in which the conjunctiva of the eye becomes swollen. The condition mainly caused by the exudation…

Rhabdomyolysis

Definition Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition, in which the skeletal muscle tissue that was damaged starts to break down in a fast manner. The breakdown…

Paraplegia

Paraplegia is a medical condition, in which the motor and sensory functions are impaired at the level of the lower extremities. As you will have…

Phrenic Nerve

Definition The phrenic nerve can be defined as one of the nerves that stems from the cervical spinal roots and travels to the thorax, in…

Notalgia Paresthetica

Notalgia Paresthetica is a chronic sensory neuropathy, with a characteristic location on the middle part of the back and primarily in the infrascapular area (unilateral…

Acanthamoeba Keratitis

Acanthamoeba keratitis is an infection that occurs at the level of the eyes, affecting in the majority of the cases those who wear contact lenses….

Subungual Melanoma

Subungual melanoma is a type of cancer that involves the nail unit or matrix, hence the name. This type of melanoma is believed to be…

Subclinical Hypothyroidism

What is Subclinical Hypothyroidism? The subclinical hypothyroidism can be defined as a medical condition in which the thyroid does not function correctly, the dysfunction being…

Subdural Hygroma

Definition – What is Subdural Hygroma? A general hygroma is a capsule that is filled with fluid and is surrounded by a layer of fibrous…

Bipartite Patella

What is a Bipartite Patella? This is a medical condition that affects your patella, also known as your kneecap. It is when your patella occurs…

Arthrofibrosis

What is Arthrofibrosis? This is a medical complication in which you have an excessive amount of scar tissue that forms in your knee. It limits…

Clavicle Fracture

What is a Clavicle Fracture? This medical condition is referred to as a broken collarbone and is one of the most common shoulder injuries. This…

Genu Recurvatum

Definition This is a medical condition where the hyperextension of your knee is greater than five degrees. It is also referred to as back knee…

Monteggia Fracture

Definition This is an arm fracture in which the joint with the radial head at your elbow becomes dislocated and the ulna, one of the…

Exostosis

Definition: What is Exostosis? This is a bony outgrowth that can occur anywhere on your body and is non-cancerous. It is basically the formation of…

Fibrous Dysplasia

What is Fibrous dysplasia? This is a medical condition that disturbs the process of bone regeneration. It causes normal bone to be replaced with fibrous…

Gastric Volvulus

What is Gastric Volvulus? This medical condition happens when all or part of your stomach twists around by more than 180 degrees and causes a…

Hobo Spider Bite

The hobo spider is a member of the funnel web spiders, of the Eratigena agrestis family. The spider often lives around human habitats, hence the…

Lipedema

What is Lipedema? Lipedema is a chronic disorder, in which the excess adipose tissue is deposited on different parts of the body, such as legs…

IV Infiltration

Definition The IV infiltration can be defined as a complication of the intravenous therapy, with the administered medication infiltrating into the surrounding tissues. The leakage…

Double Jointed (Hypermobility)

What does double jointed mean? When someone is double jointed, it means that person has joints that stretch beyond the regular range of motion. There…

Regional Enteritis

Regional enteritis is also known as Crohn’s disease, being a medical condition in which the gastrointestinal tract suffers from chronic inflammation. The inflammation is commonly…

Spastic Colon

Definition The Spastic colon or Irritable bowel syndrome is a collection of symptoms at the level of the GI tract, representing a disorder of the…

Pleuritic Chest Pain

Definition The pleuritic chest pain can be defined as one the symptoms of pleurisy. Pleurisy is a medical condition, in which the membrane that surrounds…

Esophageal Stricture

The Esophageal stricture is a medical condition in which the esophagus narrows, a modification which leads to the appearance of certain symptoms, such as swallowing…

Herpes Gladiatorum

Herpes gladiatorum is an infectious condition, caused by the herpes viruses and easily transmitted from one person to the other (skin-to-skin contact). The condition was…

Cachexia

Definition Cachexia is a medical condition in which severe weight loss occurs without the person intending to achieve such an objective. The syndrome is accompanied…

Conjunctival Hyperemia

Definition Conjunctival Hyperemia is a medical condition in which the sclera of the eyes is characterized by redness. What happens is that the blood vessels…

Hemarthrosis

Definition Hemarthrosis can be defined as the hemorrhage inside the joints, leading to other symptoms such as joint pain and inflammation. In making the diagnosis…

Nociceptive Pain

Definition The Nociceptive pain can be defined as the pain that occurs in response to a harmful stimulus. Among the most common stimuli, there are:…

Tingling in Face

The tingling sensation felt at the level of the face can be general or partial. It can manifest itself in more than one way, affecting…

Chills without Fever

Chills are generally described as a normal reaction of the body when exposed to cold temperatures. However, there are a lot of people who experience…

Cricopharyngeal Spasm

The cricopharyngeal spasm occurs in the cricopharyngeus muscle of the pharynx. This condition is often confused with a cancerous growth, as the person experiencing it…

Laryngospasm

The medical condition known as laryngospasm is characterized by the sudden and uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords. The involuntary contraction of the muscles can…

Right Jaw Pain

A lot of people experience pain in their right jaw, the levels of intensity ranging from mild to severe. This can be a minor problem…

Spasmodic Dysphonia

Spasmodic dysphonia is a neurological disorder, characterized by the involuntary contractions of the muscles. This is one of the most common disorders in which the…

Intercostal Muscle Strain

An intercostal muscle strain is a common experience in which the pain caused can be bearable for some or it can be debilitating to others….

Red Dots on Legs

The incident of red dots on the legs can be frustrating and bothersome and can be uncomfortable especially when the dots that appeared are itchy….

Left Shoulder Pain

Left shoulder pain can be bothersome and can affect the quality of life as the ability to move the shoulder is generally affected. Left shoulder…

Dry Patches on Face

The onset of dry patches on face is bothersome especially as the location is so visible which can be a cosmetic concern for those who…

Sore Calves

Sore calf muscle is not an unusual occurrence that almost anyone can get to experience. It is the result of tears in the calf muscle…

Staph Infection in Nose

Staph infection is an infection from Staphylococcus bacteria that usually affect the skin particularly the nose or the inside of the nose. Staphylococcus aureus is…

Belly Button Pain

A belly button pain is something that should not be ignored especially if the cause is unknown. There are various reasons for the navel or…

Pinched Nerve in Shoulder Blade

A pinched nerve can cause so much pain and discomfort that it can affect the function and quality of life of an individual suffering from…

Gliosis

What is Gliosis? Gliosis is the reactive response of the glial cells in the central nervous system following a trauma or injury to the brain….

Fluttering in Chest

What does Fluttering in Chest mean?   Fluttering in the chest is an abnormal rhythm of the heart which may be beating too fast or…

Hyporeflexia

What is Hyporeflexia? Hyporeflexia is a condition characterized by the absence or diminished reflex in reaction to an applied stimulus.  This condition is associated with…

Dents in Fingernails

The dents in the fingernails can cause a lot of embarrassment, especially when you are at work or out on the town, with friends. Apart…

Sore Roof of Mouth

Having a sore roof of mouth is not a pleasant sensation, as it can cause a lot of discomfort and even prevent you from eating…

Sore Calf Muscles

The calf muscles are the ones responsible for the flexion movements in the lower part of the leg. They stretch on the back of the…

Dry Nostrils

Having dry nostrils is not a pleasant sensation, especially if you are going out in the cold. No one likes to have chapped lips and…

White Bump on Eyelid

What does White bump on Eyelid mean? If you notice a white bump on your eyelid, the first thing that you need to do is…

White Blood Cells in Urine

In healthy patients, the urine does not contain blood cells, being 100% sterile. When a patient experiences different types of infections, such as those of…

Sun Blisters on Lips

When summer comes, everyone wants just one thing and that is to go out and enjoy the sun. However, not everyone takes into account the…

Headache at Base of Skull

When a headache appears at the base of the skull, it is often a sign of nerve damage. However, there are many more other causes…

Headache above Right Eye

If you are experiencing a headache above your right eye, then there is a very good chance for a health problem to be causing it….

Cracked Corners of Mouth

Having cracked corners at the mouth is a condition more common than one would think. In the medical field, this condition is known as angular…

Itchy Ears

Even though the ear is one of the smallest parts of the body, experiencing itchiness in that area is not pleasant and it can cause…

Armpit Pain

The armpit is the small area that is found right at the junction of the arm with the shoulder. When pain occurs in this area,…

Low Creatinine Levels

What do Low Creatinine Levels mean? In order to understand what low creatinine levels mean in relation to the health of our bodies, first we…

Armpit Cyst

The armpit cyst is a medical condition that sounds more seriously than it actually is. Basically, we are talking about a lump that appears in…

Recurrent Shingles

What do Recurrent Shingles mean? When we say shingles, we are actually referring to the condition known as herpes zoster. This is a viral infection with…

Eyelid Infection

The infection of the eyelid is one of the most common eye disorders. The skin on the eyelid is very thin and it is highly…

Chlorine Poisoning

Chlorine is a chemical substance often used for the disinfecting of various surfaces, as it prevents the growth of bacteria. It is also found in…

Blisters on Toes

Having blisters on toes can lead to discomfort and even affect one’s ability to walk. There are many reasons that cause blisters to appear in…

White Discharge Before Period

All women experience vaginal white discharge before their period, during the years they are fertile. The white discharge is completely normal and it does not…

Infected Belly Button

The belly button is susceptible to infections with various pathological organisms. It can affect people of different ages, being often encountered in people who have…

Skin Peeling Between Toes

The skin peeling between toes can either be acute or chronic. The longer the condition lasts, the more discomfort and embarrassment it causes. Often times,…

Rash after Fever

There are many reasons that can lead to the appearance of a rash on the skin. While some of these reasons are not serious, others…

Left sided Headache

Headaches are the worst, especially if they are serious enough to interrupt our activities. They can be acute, appearing all of a sudden or chronic,…

Pain in Fingertips

Feeling pain in the fingertips is not a pleasant thing to experience and it can generate a lot of discomfort. This symptom can be caused…

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