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Duodenal Atresia

What is Duodenal Atresia? Duodenal atresia can be defined as a congenital problem, in which a part of the duodenum lumen is absent or completely…

Sigmoid Volvulus

Definition Sigmoid volvulus is a medical condition, in which the sigmoid colon practically twists on the sigmoid mesocolon. These changes frequently lead to the large…

Sialolithiasis

Sialolithiasis is a medical condition, in which calculi or stones form within the salivary glands. The most common appearance is at the level of the…

Cephalohematoma

Definition Cephalhematoma can be defined as a medical condition, in which a hemorrhage occurs in newborn babies. The hemorrhage commonly takes place between the skull…

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central pontine myelinolysis can be defined as a medical condition, in which the myelin sheath of the nerve cells in the brainstem become severely damaged….

Periorbital Ecchymosis

Periorbital ecchymosis can be defined as the condition in which dark circles surround the eyes. As you will have the opportunity to discover below, this…

Chemosis

Definition Chemosis of the eye is a medical condition, in which the conjunctiva of the eye becomes swollen. The condition mainly caused by the exudation…

Rhabdomyolysis

Definition Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition, in which the skeletal muscle tissue that was damaged starts to break down in a fast manner. The breakdown…

Notalgia Paresthetica

Notalgia Paresthetica is a chronic sensory neuropathy, with a characteristic location on the middle part of the back and primarily in the infrascapular area (unilateral…

Acanthamoeba Keratitis

Acanthamoeba keratitis is an infection that occurs at the level of the eyes, affecting in the majority of the cases those who wear contact lenses….

Subungual Melanoma

Subungual melanoma is a type of cancer that involves the nail unit or matrix, hence the name. This type of melanoma is believed to be…

Clavicle Fracture

What is a Clavicle Fracture? This medical condition is referred to as a broken collarbone and is one of the most common shoulder injuries. This…

Genu Recurvatum

Definition This is a medical condition where the hyperextension of your knee is greater than five degrees. It is also referred to as back knee…

Monteggia Fracture

Definition This is an arm fracture in which the joint with the radial head at your elbow becomes dislocated and the ulna, one of the…

Fibrous Dysplasia

What is Fibrous dysplasia? This is a medical condition that disturbs the process of bone regeneration. It causes normal bone to be replaced with fibrous…

Lipedema

What is Lipedema? Lipedema is a chronic disorder, in which the excess adipose tissue is deposited on different parts of the body, such as legs…

Herpes Gladiatorum

Herpes gladiatorum is an infectious condition, caused by the herpes viruses and easily transmitted from one person to the other (skin-to-skin contact). The condition was…

Mastoidectomy

What is Mastoidectomy? Mastoidectomy is a surgical intervention in which the mastoid air cells (portion of the mastoid bone) are removed due to their being…

Conjunctival Hyperemia

Definition Conjunctival Hyperemia is a medical condition in which the sclera of the eyes is characterized by redness. What happens is that the blood vessels…

Red Dots on Legs

The incident of red dots on the legs can be frustrating and bothersome and can be uncomfortable especially when the dots that appeared are itchy….

Dry Patches on Face

The onset of dry patches on face is bothersome especially as the location is so visible which can be a cosmetic concern for those who…

Staph Infection in Nose

Staph infection is an infection from Staphylococcus bacteria that usually affect the skin particularly the nose or the inside of the nose. Staphylococcus aureus is…

White Bump on Eyelid

What does White bump on Eyelid mean? If you notice a white bump on your eyelid, the first thing that you need to do is…

Sun Blisters on Lips

When summer comes, everyone wants just one thing and that is to go out and enjoy the sun. However, not everyone takes into account the…

Cracked Corners of Mouth

Having cracked corners at the mouth is a condition more common than one would think. In the medical field, this condition is known as angular…

Armpit Cyst

The armpit cyst is a medical condition that sounds more seriously than it actually is. Basically, we are talking about a lump that appears in…

Recurrent Shingles

What do Recurrent Shingles mean? When we say shingles, we are actually referring to the condition known as herpes zoster. This is a viral infection with…

Eyelid Infection

The infection of the eyelid is one of the most common eye disorders. The skin on the eyelid is very thin and it is highly…

Blisters on Toes

Having blisters on toes can lead to discomfort and even affect one’s ability to walk. There are many reasons that cause blisters to appear in…

Skin Peeling Between Toes

The skin peeling between toes can either be acute or chronic. The longer the condition lasts, the more discomfort and embarrassment it causes. Often times,…

Bump Inside Nose

Having a bump inside your nose is definitely a cause of discomfort, especially if you are not certain what led to it in the first…

Brittle Toenails

Brittle toenails represent a common problem in the general population. The medical term for this condition is onychorrhexis, defining the modifications that appear at the…

Dissolvable Stitches

What are Dissolvable Stitches? Stitches are used in the surgical field, being made with the help of a threaded needle. The method is known as…

Tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which the tonsils are removed from their fossa. This is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in…

Keratoderma Blennorrhagicum

Keratoderma Blennorrhagicum is a manifestation on the skin that appears in patients diagnosed with reactive arthritis (this condition was previously known as Reiter syndrome). The…

Piezogenic Pedal Papules

Piezogenic pedal papules are lesions that appear on the feet and wrists. These can either be accompanied by pain or be asymptomatic and they usually…

Tinea Faciei

Tinea faciei is a superficial infection of the skin. It is part of the dermatophyte skin infections and it can affect people of different sexes…

High Ankle Sprain

The high ankle sprain occurs when the high ankle ligaments are torn or damaged and the lower leg and foot rotate externally. It is also…

Cutaneous Larva Migrans

Cutaneous larva migrans is a type of dermatitis that occurs in people who have traveled to tropical and subtropical geographical areas. However, because more and…

Bacillary Angiomatosis

Bacillary angiomatosis is an infection of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue that also has a systemic involvement. This medical condition is caused by the…

Gingival Hyperplasia

Gingival hyperplasia is a medical condition in which the gums increase in size. This condition is also known as gingival overgrowth, hypertrophic gingivitis or gingival…

Filiform Warts

Filiform warts are benign fleshy growths on the skin, which appear in persons who have been infected with the human papilloma virus. In general, warts…

Brown Spots on Skin

When the skin is exposed for prolonged periods of time to the sun, the cells in the skin are multiplied. An increased in the number…

Bee Sting Swelling

When bees sting, they can trigger an allergic reaction. However, in many cases, the normal reaction from a sting is confused with an allergic reaction….

Rash Around Eyes

Having a rash around your eyes can be a difficult thing to handle, as it can cause a lot of discomfort. In the majority of…

Ecthyma Gangrenosum

Ecthyma gangrenosum is a medical condition in which the skin becomes infected with pseudomonas aeruginosa. The people who are most at risk of developing this…

Aphthous Ulcer

The aphthous ulcer is a common condition that is also known as recurrent aphthous stomatitis in the medical world. The condition is pretty common in…

Actinomycosis

Actinomycosis is a polymicrobial infection that occurs extremely rare in humans and more often in animals. The infectious bacterial disease, when it affects humans, can…

Fissured tongue

Fissured tongue is a benign condition in which deep grooves or fissures appear on the lateral sides and back of the tongue. This condition is…

Dactylitis

Dactylitis is a medical condition in which a digit (finger or toe) becomes inflamed, taking the shape of a sausage and causing a lot of…

Erythema Toxicum

What is Erythema Toxicum? Erythema toxicum is a skin condition that affects only newborns in the early neonatal period and which is characterized by a…

Cold Urticaria

What is Cold Urticaria? Cold urticaria is a skin reaction to the cold temperatures, in which red and itchy bumps appear on the skin. The…

Oral Hairy Leukoplakia

Oral hairy leukoplakia is a disease of the oral mucosa that was first described in 1984. It is strongly associated with the HIV infection; this…

Lichen Nitidus

What is Lichen Nitidus? Lichen nitidus is a rare, inflammatory skin condition, in which skin-colored, micropapules that glisten appear on the skin. At the moment,…

Lentigo Maligna

What is Lentigo Maligna? This is a skin condition, also known as Hutchinson’s melanotic freckle or melanoma in situ. Basically, in parts of the skin…

Inflamed taste bud

The taste buds present on our tongues are extremely important, as they allow us to explore one of our most essential senses: taste. Between 2000…

Stucco Keratosis

What is Stucco Keratosis? This is a skin disorder that has been first described in 1965. The primary characteristic of stucco keratosis is the presence…

Swollen Uvula

What does a swollen uvula mean? The uvula is that small structure hanging in the back of your throat, being actually an extension of your…

Itchy Bumps on Feet

The skin on our feet is under a great deal of pressure, as we spend a lot of time with our shoes on, with socks…

Bumps on Inner Thigh

The skin on the inner thighs is extremely sensitive, as this is one area where a lot of friction happens. Moreover, this area is almost…

Acne around Mouth

Acne around the mouth can be upsetting, especially since in most cases the skin on the rest of the face is clear. However, these persistent…

Fordyce Spots on Lips

What are Fordyce spots? Also known as Fordyce granules or Sebaceous Prominence, the Fordyce spots that appear on the lips are actually tiny and visible…

Eosinophilic Folliculitis

What is Eosinophilic Folliculitis? Eosinophilic folliculitis is a skin disease, primarily characterized by skin rash, itchiness and frequent recurrences. Its exact cause has yet to…

Throat Polyps

What are Throat Polyps? Throat polyps are fleshy growths that appear in the throat, without being cancerous or associated with any particular diseases or illnesses….

Chlorine Rash

What is Chlorine rash? As the name actually suggests it, a chlorine rash is a type of rash that appears after a person has been…

Phytophotodermatitis

What is Phytophotodermatitis? In order to understand what this disease is all about, we should start by explaining its name. ‘Phyto‘ means plant, ‘photo‘ means…

Superficial Spreading Melanoma

What is Superficial Spreading Melanoma? According to the medical literature, this is one of the most encountered types of melanoma in the general population. Superficial…

Melanonychia

What is Melanonychia? Melanonychia is a medical condition in which the nail plate has a pigmentation band that is either black or brown in color….

Carpal Tunnel Surgery

What is carpal tunnel surgery? The carpal tunnel surgery is performed in patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. This is actually a neuropathy in which…

Yellow Nails

Not many people are aware of this fact but the truth is that our nails can provide useful information on our body’s general health. Sometimes,…

Urticaria Pigmentosa

Urticaria pigmentosa is a skin disorder in which the skin presents patches of dark color and the patient experiences intense itchiness. Rubbing or scratching the…

Porokeratosis

What is Porokeratosis? Porokeratosis is a medical condition in which the process of keratinization is affected and disrupted. The patient presents patches of atrophy on…

Red Palms

Red palms are also known as palmar erythema in the medical literature. This condition can be caused by various medical problems, each having its own…

Allergic Conjunctivitis

What is Allergic Conjunctivitis? Allergic conjunctivitis is an immunologic response to an allergen, causing the conjunctiva and sometimes the cornea to become inflamed. The allergic…

Dislocated Shoulder

What is a dislocated shoulder? Anatomically speaking, the shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the body, having the possibility to move the arm…

Bunion Surgery

Bunion surgery is a medical procedure in which the surgeon cuts into the inner side of the foot, close to the big toe joint and…

Microdiscectomy

What is Microdiscectomy? Microdiscectomy also known as microdecompression represents a surgical procedure in which either a portion of a bone or vertebral disc is removed….

Laparoscopy

What is a laparoscopy? Laparoscopy is one of the modern-generation surgical techniques considered to be minimally invasive. For this type of surgery, a laparoscope is…

Appendectomy

What is Appendectomy? Appendectomy is a surgical procedure used for the removal of the appendix. This is commonly a procedure performed in emergency situations, the…

Branchial Cleft Cyst

What is a Branchial cleft cyst? This is a birth defect that appears as a lump below your collarbone on the sides of your neck….

Pruritus

What is Pruritus? Pruritus is an unpleasant sensation that provokes a reflex or desire to scratch to relieve the undesirable sensation. It is commonly referred…

Serum Sickness

What is Serum Sickness? Serum sickness is also known as Type III hypersensitivity reaction and is described as a hypersensitive response to non-human proteins and…

Bruised Toenail

What is a Bruised toenail? Although most of the time having a bruised toenail is a small thing but it can be very painful and…

Parkinsonism

Parkinsonism Definition This is not a single symptom but a symptom complex. It is also a broad term that physicians use to describe a medical…

Tingling in Right Arm

Tingling in Right Arm Symptoms Tingling is an abnormal sensation that can occur in any part of the body although it is most commonly felt…

Amoxicillin Rash

What is Amoxicillin Rash? This is a medication rash that a person may have it if they have an allergic reaction to amoxicillin. It is…

Submandibular Gland

What are Submandibular Glands? Submandibular glands are paired glands and the major salivary glands. This pair of salivary glands is located on each side of…

Lump on Back of Neck

Causes of Lump on Back of Neck The lump is defined as any protrusion or abnormal enlargement that develops under the skin or above the…

Xiphoid Process

What is Xiphoid Process? Xiphoid process is a small projection of the lower part of the breastbone or known as the sternum and is made…

Tinea Capitis

What is Tinea Capitis? Tinea capitis is a fungal infection involving the superficial layer of the scalp and the hair shafts. It is also termed…

Crusted Scabies

What is Crusted Scabies? Crusted scabies is a severe and contagious variant of scabies. The disease is characterized by the uncontrollable proliferation of the mite…

Dermographism

What is Dermographism? Dermographism is among the most common type of urticaria. This skin condition is characterized by wealing of the skin in a rather…

Erythema Marginatum

What is Erythema Marginatum? Erythema marginatum is a rare skin condition characterized by the onset of distinctive rash which is being associated with rheumatic fever….

Stasis Ulcer

What is Stasis Ulcer? Stasis ulcer is a skin condition characterized by the ulceration of the skin that is deemed to result from venous insufficiency…

Prurigo Nodularis

What is Prurigo Nodularis? Prurigo nodularis is an inflammatory skin condition characterized by the onset of itchy papules in the extremities. The itch and scratch…

Lichen Striatus

What is Lichen Striatus? Lichen striatus is rare and benign skin condition that commonly affects young children. The cause of this skin condition is unknown…

Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis

What is Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis? Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a variant of vasculitis characterized by the inflammation of the tiny blood vessels of the body. The disease…

Papular Urticaria

What is Papular Urticaria? Papular urticaria is a self-limited disorder that often occurs in children. It is characterized by the onset of chronic papules as…

Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

What is Pseudofolliculitis Barbae? Pseudofolliculitis barbae also known as shaving bumps or razor bumps is a condition characterized by the development of papules and pustules…

Cherry Angioma

What is Cherry Angioma? Cherry angioma is the most common type of angioma and is a common skin growth. The term cherry in angioma describes…

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