All Definition Topics

Sigmoid Volvulus

Definition Sigmoid volvulus is a medical condition, in which the sigmoid colon practically twists on the sigmoid mesocolon. These changes frequently lead to the large…

Cephalohematoma

Definition Cephalhematoma can be defined as a medical condition, in which a hemorrhage occurs in newborn babies. The hemorrhage commonly takes place between the skull…

Paraproteinemia

Definition Paraproteinemia can be defined as a medical condition, in which excessive quantities of paraprotein are present in the blood. This condition is also known…

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Definition Catatonic schizophrenia is a form of schizophrenia, in which the patient presents abnormal behavior (taken to the extreme). On one hand, the patient can…

Corpus Luteum

Definition The corpus luteum is an endocrine structure that is present in women on a temporary basis (according to the menstrual cycle). As you will…

Plasma Cell Dyscrasia

Definition Plasma cell dyscrasia is a medical condition, in which the plasma cells are affected. The abnormal proliferation of the plasma cells leads to the…

Hemosiderin

Definition Hemosiderin is an insoluble form of tissue storage iron, being found at the level of different cells (not in the circulating blood). This is…

Chemosis

Definition Chemosis of the eye is a medical condition, in which the conjunctiva of the eye becomes swollen. The condition mainly caused by the exudation…

Rhabdomyolysis

Definition Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition, in which the skeletal muscle tissue that was damaged starts to break down in a fast manner. The breakdown…

Paraplegia

Paraplegia is a medical condition, in which the motor and sensory functions are impaired at the level of the lower extremities. As you will have…

Phrenic Nerve

Definition The phrenic nerve can be defined as one of the nerves that stems from the cervical spinal roots and travels to the thorax, in…

Subclinical Hypothyroidism

What is Subclinical Hypothyroidism? The subclinical hypothyroidism can be defined as a medical condition in which the thyroid does not function correctly, the dysfunction being…

Synovial Fluid

Definition: What is Synovial fluid? The synovial fluid is the one that is found inside the synovial joints; with a viscous consistence, it has the…

Subdural Hygroma

Definition – What is Subdural Hygroma? A general hygroma is a capsule that is filled with fluid and is surrounded by a layer of fibrous…

Prophylaxis

Definition This word refers to measures that are taken in order to prevent health problems or disease instead of treating or curing an existing condition….

Genu Recurvatum

Definition This is a medical condition where the hyperextension of your knee is greater than five degrees. It is also referred to as back knee…

Monteggia Fracture

Definition This is an arm fracture in which the joint with the radial head at your elbow becomes dislocated and the ulna, one of the…

Exostosis

Definition: What is Exostosis? This is a bony outgrowth that can occur anywhere on your body and is non-cancerous. It is basically the formation of…

Ventrogluteal

Definition The ventrogluteal area is the area in which intramuscular injections are performed.  The ventrogluteal muscle area is often preferred for the administration of intramuscular…

Mean Arterial Pressure

Definition The Mean Arterial Pressure refers to the average pressure of the blood circulating through a person’s arteries, during the cardiac cycle. The value of…

IV Infiltration

Definition The IV infiltration can be defined as a complication of the intravenous therapy, with the administered medication infiltrating into the surrounding tissues. The leakage…

Psoas Sign

Definition The Psoas sign is an indication that the iliopsoas muscle is irritated. The iliopsoas muscle is responsible, along with other muscles, for the flexion…

Viscosupplementation

Definition Viscosupplementation is a treatment procedure recommended in patients who are suffering from degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis. For this procedure, the doctor will inject…

Cachexia

Definition Cachexia is a medical condition in which severe weight loss occurs without the person intending to achieve such an objective. The syndrome is accompanied…

Conjunctival Hyperemia

Definition Conjunctival Hyperemia is a medical condition in which the sclera of the eyes is characterized by redness. What happens is that the blood vessels…

Hemarthrosis

Definition Hemarthrosis can be defined as the hemorrhage inside the joints, leading to other symptoms such as joint pain and inflammation. In making the diagnosis…

Nociceptive Pain

Definition The Nociceptive pain can be defined as the pain that occurs in response to a harmful stimulus. Among the most common stimuli, there are:…

Leukopenia

What is Leukopenia? Leukopenia is a medical condition in which the number of white cells in the blood decreases, the risk for infection being increased….

Bromhidrosis

Bromhidrosis is also known as body odor and it is a common modification in individuals who have just gone through puberty. However, in some cases…

Hypersomnolence

Definition Hypersomnolence is a medical condition in which the patient is excessively sleepy during the day and sleeps prolonged hours in the night. Patients diagnosed…

Parkinsonism

Parkinsonism Definition This is not a single symptom but a symptom complex. It is also a broad term that physicians use to describe a medical…

Dermographism

What is Dermographism? Dermographism is among the most common type of urticaria. This skin condition is characterized by wealing of the skin in a rather…

Erythema Marginatum

What is Erythema Marginatum? Erythema marginatum is a rare skin condition characterized by the onset of distinctive rash which is being associated with rheumatic fever….

Stasis Ulcer

What is Stasis Ulcer? Stasis ulcer is a skin condition characterized by the ulceration of the skin that is deemed to result from venous insufficiency…

Carotenemia

What is Carotenemia? This medical condition is having the presence of excess carotenoids in your blood and causes a pigmentation of skin that resembles jaundice….

Albinism

Albinism Definition This is a medical condition that affects approximately one in seventeen thousand people. In animals it is often fatal but in humans it…

Lymphangioma

What is Lymphangioma? This is a benign, meaning non-cancerous, growth that can be found in you lymphatic system. This is the system that is an…

Pharyngitis

What is Pharyngitis? Pharyngitis is defined as the inflammation of the pharynx that often results in the condition known as a sore throat. The condition…

Kyphosis

Kyphosis Definition Kyphosis is the condition of the upper back or the thoracic vertebrae characterized by rounding or bowing of the back. The condition is…

Ascites

Ascites Definition This is the build-up of additional fluid in your abdomen. It is also called your peritoneal cavity. This is not really a disease…

Thrombophlebitis

What is Thrombophlebitis? This is the inflammation of one or more of your veins. Breaking the word down, “Thrombo” means blood clot and “Phlebitis” means…

Senile Dementia

What is Senile Dementia? This is a mental condition where your brain cells begin to degenerate. It is not to be confused with senility in…

Leukocytosis

What is Leukocytosis? This is a medical condition in which there is an overproduction of leukocytes. Leukocytes are referred to as white blood cells (WBC)…

Postherpetic Neuralgia

What is Postherpetic Neuralgia? This is a medical condition that affects your skin and nerve fibers. The pain that is associated with this medical condition…

Agranulocytosis

What is Agranulocytosis? Agranulocytosis is a condition marked by the inability of the bone marrow to produce enough or sufficient white blood cells leading to…

Ecchymosis – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Pictures

What is Ecchymosis? Eccyhmosis is characterized by a reddish or bluish discoloration of the skin that is often non-raised and spontaneously caused by a medical…